2021 Agricultural Export Yearbook

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The 2021 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook provides a statistical summary of U.S. agricultural commodity exports to the world. This summary lists the United States’ top 15 trading partners. The Yearbook is produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) using trade data published by the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of the Census. Foreign country export data was sourced from the reporting countries’ national statistical agencies as reported through Trade Data Monitor.

The 2021 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook consists of two sections: (1) top U.S. commodity exports and (2) top destinations for U.S. exports. The Yearbook utilizes FAS Product Groups that can be found at FAS’ Global Agricultural Trade System located at https://apps.fas.usda.gov/gats/. The product groups are defined using the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) at the 10-digit level and aggregated into classifications that include the primary commodity and its derivatives. FAS has titled these product groups as “BICO (HS-10).” BICO is an FAS designation that stands for Bulk, Intermediate and Consumer Oriented goods. The bulk commodity groups, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are aggregations of very few HTS codes. For example, the soybeans product group includes only 2 HTS codes; and cotton includes only 5 codes; while the Beef and Beef Products category incorporates 26 HTS lines; Dairy Products includes 46 HTS lines; and Fresh Vegetables includes 70 HTS codes.

With the release of January 2021 trade data, USDA adopted the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) definition of agriculture for purposes of reporting trade, which is slightly more expansive than the USDA definition in previous editions of this Yearbook. The primary differences are that the WTO definition includes distilled spirits, ethanol, and manufactured tobacco products, which were not included under the USDA definition. For more details about the definitional changes, please see the following link on the USDA webpage: https://www.fas.usda.gov/updated-agricultural-products-definition-trade….

The 13 product groups or commodity aggregations, displayed in the Yearbook, are based on the United States’ largest export categories. The top 13 export product groups account for 74 percent of total U.S. agricultural products exported in 2021. The country Yearbook pages include the United States’ top 15 export destinations. These top 15 export markets represent more than 80 percent of total U.S. agricultural exports in 2021.

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