Canada

U.S. Trade with Canada in 2021

Export Market Rank
#2 Among U.S. Agricultural Export Markets
Total Export Value
$29.71 Billion
3-Year Average
$26.84 Billion
Compound Average Growth
1.6% (2012-2021)
Total Export Value 2012 - 2021
Export Value by Commodity 2021

Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada and the United States eliminated all tariffs and quantitative restrictions on agricultural goods and strengthened scientific ties to eradicate diseases and pests, conduct research, and enhance conservation. The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which entered into force in 2020, further strengthens the United States’ highly productive and integrated agricultural relationship with Canada and creates new export opportunities for U.S. agriculture.

Top 10 Exports to Canada in 2021

Commodity Total Value (USD) Total Volume (Metric Tons) 10-Year Average Value (USD) 10-Year Growth
Forest Products $2.43 Billion --- $2.11 Billion 11%
Baked Goods $2.31 Billion 886,179 $2.16 Billion 16%
Fresh Vegetables $1.99 Billion 1.63 Million $1.87 Billion 22%
Fresh Fruit $1.74 Billion 917,426 $1.66 Billion -3%
Fish and Seafood $1.33 Billion 201,195 $1.06 Billion 33%
Food Preparations $1.22 Billion 282,961 $992.94 Million 41%
Non-Alcoholic Bev. (ex. juices) $1.18 Billion 202,257 $1.32 Billion -18%
Ethanol (non-bev.) $1.02 Billion --- $698.38 Million 36%
Dog & Cat Food $976.81 Million 412,673 $685.61 Million 73%
Pork & Pork Products $952.86 Million 219,813 $834.39 Million 11%

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Data and Analysis

In July 2022, Canada published final regulations on supplemented foods. The new regulatory requirements are complex, and the food industry has until January 1, 2026 to become compliant. Stakeholders are strongly encouraged to consult the variety of resources and information made available by Health Canada to assist with the implementation of the supplemented foods regulatory framework.
FY2022 agricultural exports reach record levels.
World Production, Markets, and Trade Report

Dairy Monthly Imports

This monthly report includes information on U.S. and global imports of dairy products, including maximum quantities that can be imported under tariff-rate quota licensing.

News and Features

Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, and the United States issued a joint statement following the conclusion of the 2022 APEC Food Security Ministers Meeting hosted by Thailand.
The United States is, for the second time, requesting dispute settlement consultations with Canada under the USMCA to address dairy restrictions by Canada that are contrary to its USMCA commitments.
The American agricultural industry posted its highest annual export levels ever recorded in 2021, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack announced today.

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