The biotechnology regulatory system in Ukraine is still not fully developed, but the country is gradually adjusting its domestic policies to align with the European Union’s regulations. Currently no genetically engineered (GE) events are officially approved for agricultural and food production. Therefore, no GE products can be legally imported into Ukraine, restricting trade in some agricultural and food commodities. No GE events are registered for production, however, there are reports of unregistered GE production for specific crops. A new law on genetic engineering (Law # 3339-IX ) was adopted on August 23, 2023. It will be replacing the current Biosafety Law in September 2026 and will harmonize procedures of government control over agriculture biotechnology in line with Ukraine’s obligations under the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement.