U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)

The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) entered into force on July 1, 2020, replacing the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). USMCA makes a good trade relationship even better, ensuring preferential market access for U.S. farm and food products and solidifying commitments to fair and science-based trade rules.

Key Provisions


For the first time, the agreement specifically addresses agricultural biotechnology – including new technologies such as gene editing – to support innovation and reduce trade-distorting policies.

Geographical Indications

The agreement institutes a more rigorous process for establishing geographical indicators (GIs) and lays out additional factors to be considered in determining whether a term is a “common name.”

Sanitary/Phytosanitary Measures

The agreement strengthens disciplines for science-based measures that protect human, animal, and plant health while improving the flow of trade.


America’s dairy farmers gained new market opportunities in Canada for a wide variety of products. Canada also agreed to eliminate the unfair milk pricing program that allowed its farmers to undersell U.S. producers.

Poultry and Eggs

U.S. poultry producers gained new access to Canada for chicken and eggs and expanded access for turkey.


Canada agreed to terminate its discriminatory wheat grading system, enabling U.S. growers along the border to be more competitive.


The three countries agreed to avoid technical barriers to trade through non-discrimination and transparency regarding sale, distribution, labeling, and certification.


The agreement updates origin rules for processed fruits to assure that preferences benefit U.S. producers.


Additional information about the USMCA is available from the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative

Data and Analysis

On June 29, 2022, the European Commission (EC) approved one genetically engineered (GE) crop (maize) for food and animal feed. The authorization was published in the European Union’s Official Journal on July 1, 2022 and remains valid for 10 years.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Morocco: Morocco's 2022 FTA Tariff Schedule - Public

On January 3, 2022, the Government of Morocco (GOM) published Circular # 6279/222, announcing the required tariff changes under the U.S.-Morocco Free Trade Agreement (FTA) for Calendar Year 2022.
International Agricultural Trade Report

Prospects for U.S. Corn in Latin America

Latin America accounts for about 25 percent of global corn imports . The region’s corn demand for imported corn has grown steadily over the years supported by expansion in the livestock sector...

News and Features

News Release

USMCA Panel Releases Canada Dairy Report

A dispute settlement panel established under the USMCA has released a report regarding Canada’s dairy tariff-rate quota allocation measures.
The U.S. has requested establishment of a USMCA dispute settlement panel regarding Mexico’s agricultural biotechnology policies.
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack issued the following statement regarding today’s announcement by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) that the United States has requested dispute settlement consultations with Mexico under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). These consultations are in regard to Mexico’s agricultural biotechnology policies.