China Phase One Agreement

In 2020, the United States and China reached an historic and enforceable agreement on a Phase One trade deal that requires structural reforms and other changes to China’s economic and trade regime in the areas of intellectual property, technology transfer, agriculture, financial services, and currency and foreign exchange. The Phase One agreement also includes a commitment by China that it will make substantial additional purchases of U.S. goods and services in the coming years. Importantly, the agreement establishes a strong dispute resolution system that ensures prompt and effective implementation and enforcement. The United States has agreed to modify its Section 301 tariff actions in a significant way.

The Agriculture Chapter addresses structural barriers to trade and will support a dramatic expansion of U.S. food, agriculture and seafood product exports, increasing American farm and fishery income, generating more rural economic activity, and promoting job growth. A multitude of non-tariff barriers to U.S. agriculture and seafood products are addressed, including for meat, poultry, seafood, rice, dairy, infant formula, horticultural products, animal feed and feed additives, pet food, and products of agriculture biotechnology.

Agreement Text

Fact Sheets

Agriculture and Seafood Related Provisions (Short)

Agriculture and Seafood Related Provisions (Long)

Data and Analysis

The U.S-China Economic and Trade Agreement (Phase One) granted market access for new U.S. horticultural products such as avocadoes, blueberries, and nectarines.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

China: Agricultural Biotechnology Annual

In 2020, China committed to a number of reforms to its agricultural biotechnology policies under the U.S.-China Economic and Trade Agreement (“Phase One Agreement”).
In June 2020, China’s central government announced its economic masterplan to develop the south China island of Hainan into a Free Trade Port (FTP).

News and Features

WASHINGTON, Dec. 16, 2020 – Despite the challenges 2020 brought, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) continued to lead the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s pursuit of global trade opportunities for American agriculture, successfully delivering on...
Washington, DC – The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today issued a report highlighting the progress made to date in implementing the agricultural provisions in the U.S.-China Phase One...
WASHINGTON, May 21, 2020 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) today announced additional progress in the implementation of the agriculture-related provisions of the U.S.-China Phase One...

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