The Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement, known as CAFTA-DR, is the comprehensive pact among the United Sates, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic. CAFTA-DR was implemented on a rolling basis. El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua joined in 2006, the Dominican Republic in 2007, and Costa Rica on January 1, 2009. The agreement was designed to level the playing field between the United States and the six CAFTA-DR trade partners.

As the agreement took effect with each country, more than half of U.S. farm exports gained immediate duty-free access, including high-quality cuts of beef, soybeans, cotton, wheat, many fruits and vegetables, and processed food products. Tariffs on most other U.S. farm products will be phased out within 15 years. All tariffs will be eliminated in 20 years.

As the populations of the CAFTA-DR countries grow and their economies expand, more and more people are entering he middle class, increasing food demand and creating trade and investment opportunities for the United States.

Additional information about the CAFTA-DR agreement is available from the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative.

Data and Analysis

Attaché Report (GAIN)

Guatemala: CAFTA-DR Tariff Line Classification Issue

On December 18, 2020 the Guatemalan Ministry of Economy officially adopted the 6th Amendment of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems (HS) for international trade...
International Agricultural Trade Report

Opportunities for U.S. Snack and Confectionery Exports to Latin America

Two key free trade agreements – the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (or CAFTA-DR) and the U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement – have stimulated U.S. agricultural exports...
Bilateral trade of agricultural products between the United States and the Dominican Republic has increased during the first six months of Calendar Year 2020 (CY 2020), despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

News and Features

By Jason Hafemeister, Trade Counsel, U.S. Department of Agriculture Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs Ted McKinney is leading a USDA trade mission to Central America this week, making it a good time to review where we stand...
Contact: or (202) 720-7115 WASHINGTON, Feb. 23, 2018 – U.S. Department of Agriculture Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs Ted McKinney will lead a trade mission to Guatemala Feb. 26-March 2, accompanied by a...
Pablo Chacón, a Guatemalan farmer, takes notes at the CATIE dairy farm and research center in Turrialba, Costa Rica, where he is studying agroforestry on an FAS-funded scholarship. By Robert Schubert, FAS Office of Capacity Building and Development...

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