The “off-year” for production will push Turkiye’s pistachio production lower in Marketing Year (MY) 2023/24. The production of almonds and walnuts is forecast slightly higher but hazelnut production is expected to go down. Even though domestic tree nuts production continues to grow, Turkiye is projected to import sizeable volumes of almonds and walnuts in MY 2023/24 to meet steady consumer demand. Imports of U.S. tree nuts continue to be disadvantaged by a 10 percent retaliatory duty, which Turkiye imposed after the United States levied Section 232 tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum. However, despite this additional tax and growing competition, the United States is still the one of the top suppliers of walnuts and almonds to Turkiye.