Dutch hemp production occurs exclusively in the northeast part of the country, particularly in the province of Groningen where 69 percent of Dutch hemp is cultivated. In the Netherlands, hemp has traditionally been regulated via the Dutch Opium Act, which dates back to 1928. Under Dutch law, the cultivation of hemp fiber and seed is legal, but the production of CBD remains prohibited. In recent years, the market for Dutch hemp seed has seen a rapid increase. In 2019, the Netherlands exported 31,768 MT of hemp seed (valued at $53.7 million).