In 2021, the European Union (EU)-27 imported $7.1 billion in tree nuts from the world. The United States, with $2.5 billion, is the largest EU-27 tree nuts supplier, accounting for 35 percent of total imports. Although the COVID-19 health crisis and global logistical issues and delays reduced U.S. exports of tree nuts to the EU in 2020 and 2021, the level of imports are up 20 percent in the first half of 2022. Greater awareness of the health benefits of tree nuts continues to increase consumer demand year-round, although the current high levels of inflation may have an impact on high value products such as tree nuts. However, manufacturers are developing creative products and packaging to attract new and traditional consumers.