Colombia 2020 Export Highlights

Top 10 U.S. Agricultural Exports to Colombia

(values in million USD)
Commodity  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2019-2020 % Change 2016-2020 Average
Corn 771 785 927 682 876 28% 808
Soybean Meal 259 340 481 412 485 18% 395
Soybeans 195 212 256 223 191 -14% 215
Pork & Pork Products 105 163 215 221 147 -34% 170
Wheat 181 173 88 137 133 -3% 142
Dairy Products 88 65 72 145 128 -12% 100
Poultry Meat & Products* 66 70 82 114 93 -18% 85
Feeds & Fodders 76 80 98 81 84 4% 84
Soybean Oil 62 73 100 57 77 36% 74
Rice 58 51 54 49 65 33% 56
All Other 522 516 531 546 461 -16% 515
Total Exported 2,383 2,528 2,904 2,667 2,740 3% 2,644

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Trade Data - BICO HS-10
*Excludes eggs


In 2020, Colombia was the 11th largest destination for U.S. agricultural exports, totaling $2.7 billion. This represents a 3-percent increase from 2019. The United States is Colombia’s top supplier of agricultural goods by a wide margin, representing 48 percent of the total import market. The EU27+UK is Colombia’s second-largest supplier with only 8 percent market share. The U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (CTPA) has expanded export opportunities for many U.S. agricultural products. The largest year-to-year export increase was seen in corn, up 28 percent to $876 million in 2020. Exports of soybean meal, soybean oil, and rice also rose last year, up $73 million, $20 million, and $16 million, respectively. Exports of pork & pork products plummeted $74 million, while soybeans and poultry dropped $32 million and $21 million, respectively. In 2020, Colombia was the fourthlargest market for U.S. corn exports, third- largest market for U.S. soybean meal, and seventh-largest market for U.S. pork.


  • In 2020, the economic slowdown associated with COVID-19 led to decreased food and agricultural exports to Colombia across many product categories. Increases in bulk and intermediate product sales narrowly made up for strong decreases in consumer-oriented product exports. In 2020, U.S. food and agricultural exports to Colombia grew 2.7 percent, reaching $2.9 billion.
  • Corn and soy products, destined for domestic processing, were among the few growth categories in 2020, driven primarily by the expansion of Colombia’s aquaculture and egg industries. U.S. corn was able to recover substantial market share lost to Argentina and Brazil during 2019.
  • U.S. ethanol exports to Colombia totaled $121 million, up 4 percent from 2019, despite challenges in the market such as a 4-month import ban instituted by Colombia as part of its COVID-19 response, a 2year countervailing duty issued in May 2020, and decreasing demand for gasoline due to COVID-19 containment measures.
  • In 2020, U.S. rice exports increased around 20,000 tons, though U.S. market share decreased as Peru also ramped up shipments to Colombia.
  • Policy issues continue to constrain U.S. dairy exports to Colombia. Dairy exports to Colombia grew dramatically in 2019 and show potential for future growth if these policy issues are addressed.

Colombia’s Agricultural Suppliers

Stacked bar graph showing Colombia's top agricultural suppliers in 2020.

Looking Ahead

Colombia is the leading destination for U.S. agricultural exports to South America, and the United States continues to be the main supplier for most Colombian agricultural imports due to CTPA trade preferences.

In 2020, the United States faced increased competition from South American exporters likely due to the Colombia-Mercosur Economic Complementation Agreement, which removes or lowers duties on many agricultural products imported from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. As of October 2020, tariffs on white corn and wheat from MERCOSUR countries were zero, while the tariff on yellow corn from MERCOSUR countries was 5 percent. Canadian exports, especially in wheat and legumes, remain competitive. The ColombiaCanada Free Trade Agreement entered into force a year before the 2012 CTPA, resulting in a “head-start” advantage to Canadian exporters that strengthened their trade relations with Colombian millers.

Income and population growth in Colombia are projected to continue driving increases in demand for most imported agricultural products. Most importantly, corn, soybean meal, and soybean oil imports are expected to grow over the next 10 years, and the United States is in a favorable position to meet Colombia’s needs. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has slowed economic growth and demand for imports, Colombia is expected to make a recovery. U.S. consumer-oriented food exports, such as pork, poultry, and dairy, are expected to continue rapid growth in Colombia as economic growth and middle-class expansion return after the economic impacts of the pandemic pass.

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