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Turkey requires the foreign competent authority to issue and sign a manufacturer certificate for imports of plant protection products (PPPs). U.S. Chambers of Commerce and State Departments of Agriculture are authorized to sign the certificates for PPPs from the United States.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

European Union: Oilseeds and Products Annual

MY 2024/25 European Union oilseed production is forecast to decline by about one percent over the previous year with good yields. This forecast is based on the assumption of average growing conditions, lower, more average yields, but increased area which cannot make up for the lower yields.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Turkiye: Cotton and Products Annual

Türkiye’s cotton production in marketing year (MY) 2024/25 is forecast to increase to 820,000 metric tons (MT; 3.8 million bales), based on the assumption that cotton prices which increased at the beginning of 2024 will remain stagnant and orders to Turkish ready-to-wear apparel producers will at least continue at mediocre levels.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Turkiye: Grain and Feed Annual

Production volumes of wheat and barley in marketing year (MY) 2024/25 are forecast to remain unchanged compared to last year, while corn production is expected to drop year-to-year by 1.2 million metric tons (MMT) as farmers switch to growing more profitable crops, such as cotton and other row crops.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Ukraine: Oilseeds and Products Annual

For marketing year (MY) 2024/25, Ukrainian farmers are forecast to increase area under all the major oilseeds except for sunflowers. However, regarding production volumes, this increase might be somewhat dampened by lower yields compared to the high levels of MY2023/24.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Turkiye: Food Processing Ingredients Annual

Turkiye’s food and beverage sector depends on domestic and imported ingredients, a large portion of which are sourced from Europe. European ingredients enjoy zero or low import duties under preferential trade agreements, as well as lower freight costs.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

France: Food Processing Ingredients Annual

The French food processing industry mobilizes more than 19,000 companies, of which nearly 98 percent are small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The sector generates $230 billion in annual revenue, and it indirectly contributes to nearly 2 million jobs in France.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Greece: Cotton and Products Annual

Greece’s MY 2023/24 cotton production is estimated at 970,000 bales, down 33 percent from the previous season due to significant rainstorms which caused widespread flooding in Central Greece in early September 2023.
At the beginning of each year, the Turkish Ministry of Trade (MoT) publishes the tariff schedule for all commodities including agricultural products for the upcoming year. Depending on market conditions, the MoT may adjust tariff rates during the year for selected imports of agricultural and other products.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Italy: Food Processing Ingredients Annual

The Italian food-processing industry continues to be highly fragmented, characterized by growing consolidation of smaller companies. In 2023, U.S. agricultural exports to Italy were $1.8 billion, while U.S. imports from Italy were $7.4 billion. Italy...
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Germany: Food Processing Ingredients Annual

The food processing industry represents the fourth-largest industry in Germany. According to the Federation of German Food and Drink Industries (BEV) estimates, Germany produced $238.9 (€ 218.5) billion of processed food and drinks in 2022.
Following weeks of farmer protests across the European Union, the European Commission published a legislative proposal to amend certain provisions of the Common Agricultural Policy.