This report assesses the agricultural biotechnology sector in the Netherlands, and covers related production, trade, and policies. It includes topics related to genetic engineering and innovative plant, animal, and microbial biotechnologies. The main development in the Netherlands is that the Dutch Government supports the EC conclusions that innovative biotechnologies can play an important role in greening food production and notes a revision is needed to make regulations future proof and fit for purpose. The Dutch Government also emphasized, when expressing it support for revised regulations, the proposal for a less strenuous assessment process and the need for transparency for the consumer. In the innovation agenda of the Dutch “Top Sector” policy, genome editing is identified as one of the key technologies that may be utilized to improve plant pest resistance and more.