On August 2-4, 2023, the World Apple and Pear Association (WAPA) presented the 2023 EU apple and pear crop forecast at the 48th edition of the Prognosfruit convention. WAPA forecasts the 2023 EU fresh apples crop at 11.4 million metric tons (MT), 3.3 percent below the 2022 harvest. The reduction is a result of poor pollination and droughts. Production of fresh pears is forecast at 1.7 million MT. This is a decrease of 12.8 percent compared to 2022, and largely a result of weather-related reductions in Italy, France, and Greece. This forecast reflects the situation as of mid-July.