Tree Nuts

U.S. Tree Nuts Exports in 2021

Total Export Value
$8.86 Billion
Total Volume (Millions)
2 Metric Tons
3-Year Average
$8.78 Billion
Compound Average Growth
3.2% (2012-2021)

In 2020, the value of U.S. tree nut exports to the world was $8.4 billion, a 7 percent decrease from 2019. The top three markets, accounting for 54 percent of sales, were the European Union (EU27+UK) at $2.9 billion, India at $914 million, and China at $746 million. While tree nut exports were up to India (11 percent), China (23 percent), and Canada (6 percent) in 2020, this was more than offset by lower sales to Hong Kong, the EU27+UK, and the United Arab Emirates. Record harvests put downward pressure on unit values, particularly for almonds. U.S. exports continue to dominate the global almond, pistachio, and walnut markets despite disruptions due to retaliatory tariffs and restrictive phytosanitary requirements. The breakout of 2020 tree nut exports was 55 percent almonds ($4.7 billion), 20 percent pistachios ($1.7 billion), 15 percent walnuts ($1.2 billion), 5 percent pecans ($432 million), 4 percent ‘mixed & other nuts’ ($296 million), and 1 percent hazelnuts ($97 million).

More information from the 2020 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook

USDA's latest official data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in tree nuts, can be found in the Tree Nuts: World Markets and Trade report.

Top 10 Markets for Tree Nuts in 2021

Market Total Value (USD)
European Union $2.75 Billion
China $975.73 Million
India $885.14 Million
Canada $717.7 Million
Japan $437.61 Million
United Arab Emirates $386.35 Million
South Korea $343.93 Million
Mexico $333.5 Million
Hong Kong $293.79 Million
Turkey $263.3 Million
Top 10 Tree Nuts Export Markets 2012 - 2021
Annual Tree Nuts Exports 2012 - 2021

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Data and Analysis

Attaché Report (GAIN)

India: Tree Nuts Annual

FAS New Delhi (Post) forecasts marketing year (MY) 2022/23 (August-July) Indian almond imports (shelled-basis) at 148,000 metric tons (MT) a slight decrease from MY 2021/22, as food inflation volatility, rupee depreciation, and global shipping challenges are likely to persist in the near term, impacting price.
International Agricultural Trade Report

Opportunities for U.S. Food Processing Ingredient Exports to Malaysia

Malaysia was the 25th largest export destination for U.S. agricultural products in 2021 and is a top prospect for exports of food and beverage ingredients because of its large and growing food processing industry. Food and beverages manufactured in Malaysia not only serve domestic consumers but are also exported to many neighboring countries. U.S. exporters of dairy products, fresh and processed potatoes, food-grade soy, processed fruit and juices, tree nuts and more have many opportunities to supply Malaysian industry which depends on imports for key ingredients and inputs, and in doing so will reach consumers across Malaysia and throughout Southeast Asia.
International Agricultural Trade Report

Opportunities for U.S. Agricultural Exports in Spain and Portugal

U.S. exporters can find ample opportunities in the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is the third-largest European Union (EU) destination for U.S. agricultural products, with Portugal ranking 11th. In 2021, the United States exported $1.6 billion of agricultural products to Spain, or 15 percent of total U.S. agricultural exports to the EU. The United States held a 4 percent market share of Spain’s agricultural imports and 2 percent market share in Portugal, behind other EU member states as a group and Brazil.

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