Tree Nuts

In 2020, the value of U.S. tree nut exports to the world was $8.4 billion, a 7 percent decrease from 2019. The top three markets, accounting for 54 percent of sales, were the European Union (EU27+UK) at $2.9 billion, India at $914 million, and China at $746 million. While tree nut exports were up to India (11 percent), China (23 percent), and Canada (6 percent) in 2020, this was more than offset by lower sales to Hong Kong, the EU27+UK, and the United Arab Emirates. Record harvests put downward pressure on unit values, particularly for almonds. U.S. exports continue to dominate the global almond, pistachio, and walnut markets despite disruptions due to retaliatory tariffs and restrictive phytosanitary requirements. The breakout of 2020 tree nut exports was 55 percent almonds ($4.7 billion), 20 percent pistachios ($1.7 billion), 15 percent walnuts ($1.2 billion), 5 percent pecans ($432 million), 4 percent ‘mixed & other nuts’ ($296 million), and 1 percent hazelnuts ($97 million).

More information from the 2020 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook

USDA's latest official data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in tree nuts, can be found in the Tree Nuts: World Markets and Trade report.

Data and Analysis

Attaché Report (GAIN)

China: Tree Nuts Annual

Awareness over the health benefits of tree nuts has increased consumer demand over the past five years.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

European Union: Tree Nuts Annual

The United States continues to be the largest supplier of tree nuts to Europe. While EU investment and production of tree nuts continue to increase, production is still far from meeting domestic demand.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Ukraine: Tree Nuts Annual

Post projects Ukraine’s walnut production at around 133,000 metric tons (MT) for marketing year (MY) 2021/22 based on favorable weather conditions. Industrial walnut production is gradually gaining ground in Ukraine, driven both by state support and export demand for high-quality product.

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